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英语六级翻译专项练习之虚拟语气
华北理工大学医学信息平台 2010-10-10 来源: 沪江四六级 点击数:7597
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虚拟语气
1) I wish _______________(我年轻的时候有你们这样的机会).
2) If only _______________(他知道这病是可以治好的)! Then he would not have killed himself.
3) —— Would you like him to paint your door with yellow stars?   
—— I’d rather he _______________(漆成蓝色的,而且不带任何装饰).
4) It’s high time that _______________(采取措施解决交通堵塞的问题).
5) Hugh usually talks _______________(仿佛在大会上发表演说似的).
6) We insist that _______________(让杰克立刻进医院).
7) It was advised that _______________(在居民区设立更多的流动商店).
8) His proposal was that _______________(他们成立一个专门委员会来检查这个问题).
9) We are going to discuss his suggestion that _______________(取消期中考试).
10) It is ridiculous that _______________(我们在一个总是下雨的国家还缺水).

参考答案:
1) I had had your opportunities when I was young
  考点:I wish后的that从句中用过去完成式表示过去没有实现或不可能实现的愿望
2) he had known this disease is curable
  考点:If only 引导的感叹句表示“但愿”或“要是……就好了”,用法与 I wish…基本相同
3) painted it blue, and without any decorations  
 考点:would rather 后的that从句中用过去式表示不是事实
4) measures were taken to solve the problem of traffic jams  
 考点:It’s (about/high) time 后的that从句中用过去式,表示“该是……的时候了”
5) as though he were delivering a speech at an assembly  
 考点:as if / as though引导的从句中用过去式表示和现在事实相反或对现在情况有所怀疑
6) Jack (should) be sent to hospital right now  
 考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的宾语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式
7) more mobile shops (should) be set up in the residential area  
 考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的主语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式
8) they (should) set up a special board/committee to examine this problem  
 考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的表语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式
9) the mid-term exams (should) be canceled  
 考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的同位语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式  
 [表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词及其名词常见的有:advise (advice), agree (agreement), decide (decision), decree, demand, determine (determination), grant, indicate (indication), insist (insistence), order, prefer (preference), propose (proposal), request, require (requirement), resolve (resolution), stipulate (stipulation), suggest(suggestion), urge, vote;常见的这类动词还有:allow, arrange, ask, beg, concede, demonstrate, ensure, intend, move, pledge, pray等]
10) we (should) be short of water in a country where it is always raining  
 考点:在It is/was +形容词后的that从句中常用“sb. should do”的形式表示建议惊奇等。
这类形容词常见的有:advisable, anxious, appropriate, compulsory, crucial, desirable, eager, essential, fitting, imperative, important, impossible, improper, natural, necessary, obligatory, preferable, proper, urgent, vital, willing等。

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